| Frequently Asked Questions about the Farm
* Located in Summit Point, WV, about 1-1/2 hours west of Washington DC
* 1740: Farm established by Dr. John McCormick, Scots-Irish immigrant, on 395 acres
purchased from Jost Hite, a German land developer.
* 1742: Three-room stone farmhouse completed. A springhouse and barn were
built about the same time. Barn is the oldest standing barn in West Virginia
* 1752: Farm surveyed by George Washington at age 20 with the aid of McCormick's sons
* 1768: Bequeathed to son Andrew and operated by Andrew and wife as a tavern
* 1807: Farm purchased by John Locke whose brother George ran the tavern
* Listed #19790829 79002583 in the National Register of Historic Places
* A spring on the property has provided water to local citizens for over 200 years
|This site last updated
|White House Farm is located in Jefferson County, WV, near the
small town of Summit Point, WV, about 6 miles from Charles Town.
For more about present-day Jefferson County please click here for a
detailed history of the county, click here and to visit the Jefferson
County Historical Society, click here. The farm's mailing address is
3735 Summit Point Road, Charles Town, WV, 25414.
As shown in the collection of pictures on this and the following
pages, the farm consists of a ca. 1742 farmhouse, a stone barn
and springhouse of about the same age, a wooden smokehouse,
and 60+ acres of pasture and woods. The farm has a rich history
as summarized beginning below and on the following pages.
On June 17, 1730, John and Isaac VanMeter petitioned
the Virginia Colony Council for 40,000 acres in the
Shenandoah Valley. In 1731 they transferred 30,000 acres
to Jost Hite, a German immigrant, under a patent. The land, then
located in Orange County, Virginia, (see 1734 map below) was
surveyed by Robert Brooke on 26 March 1734. In May 1740,
Mr. Hite sold 395 acres to Dr. John McCormick, a Scots-Irishman.
for 8 pounds, 5 shillings.
By 1742, Dr. McCormick had built a three-story, two-room
farmhouse. Dr. McCormick was a prosperous and prominent
country doctor, as evidenced by the inventory of his estate
completed upon his death in 1768. His will and the admini-
strations are found in the Frederick County archives in
Winchester, VA, since Frederick County was formed in 1743.
He and his wife Ann had 6 sons (James, Francis, John Jr., William,
George, and Andrew) and two daughters (Mary, wife of Magnus
Tate, and Jean, wife of James Byrn). James McCormick served
as the chain carrier and John Jr. as the pilot on several of
George Washington's surveys (1), White House Farm was
noted for the horses bred there during Dr. McCormick's lifetime.(2)
(1) The George Washington Papers, Library of Congress
(2) Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, published
by the Virginia Historical Society
Acknowledgement: Ann Shoemaker, Andrew McCormick's great-
great-great-great-grand-daughter contributed information to this
Note: Dr. McCormick's grandson, Province, whose father was Francis
McCormick, established a nearby farm known as Lang Sine in
the 1790's, which is presently being restored by the owners and is
described on their web site: http://langsinefarm.com
|Typical Virginia Patent
House and stone addition.
May approximate original
appearance of White
|email us by clicking: firstname.lastname@example.org
|History of White House Farm--Part I.
|This history is continued on 2 web pages which follow. Click on each of the "next"
buttons to follow the history from 1742 to the present.
|Restoration of the stone barn, the
oldest standing barn in West Virginia,
was completed in January 2005. A
detailed description of the restoration
can be found by clicking our
barn restoration web page
For a similar narrative about our
2001 restoration of the springhouse
|The farm as sketched by James
Taylor in 1863, showing the
springhouse (foreground) and
a corner of the blacksmith shop
(far right) which attracted troops
from both the Confederate and
Union armies. From the James
Taylor Sketchbook, reproduced
with permission of the publisher,
the Western Reserve Historical
|LINKS TO WV HISTORIC RESOURCES
Friends of Happy Retreat
Jefferson County Historical Society
Jefferson County Historic Landmarks Ccomission
Jefferson County Museum
South Jefferson Public Library
WV State Historic Preservation Office
Preservation Alliance of West Virginia
The Washingtons of Jefferson County
Jefferson County RootsWeb Project
A Peoples' History of Jefferson County
Berkeley County WV Rootsweb Project
Jefferson County Listener on the Web
to White House Farm
One of the oldest homes
in the Beautiful "Valley of Virginia"
|Spring is busting out all over!!!
And wow, are we ready for it!!
|This is the home page for White House Farm. It contains the
first part of a 3-part history of the farm, with "Next"
button-links to the two pages that follow. We hope you find
the history enlightening and the site informative.